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Editions LECO, p. It is probable that it is understood by some of the Bakongo people there, especially those who have lived in the Republic of Congo or the Democratic Republic of Congo as refugees or otherwise.

He is not hereand Kizabave but they have largely fallen out of use. Kitubabecause a translation of the constitution itself is written in Kituba but no translation exists in Kikongo. Kituba is known by many names among its speakers. The classes 9 and 11 have in kikomgo merged with the singular class with zero prefix, and their plural is formed with generic plural class prefix ba.

Dictionnaire français-kikongo ya leta in SearchWorks catalog

In the Democratic Republic of the Congo it is called Kikongo ya leta i. Languages of the Dkctionnaire Republic of the Congo. It is not entirely accurate to call Kituba a creole language as it lacks the distinction between superstrate and substrate influence that is typical of creole development.

The bulk of Kituba words come from Kikongo. It is a creole language [5] based on Kikongoa family of closely related Bantu languages. In the Republic of Congo it is called Munukutuba or Kituba.

A national language is also one that is used for public and mass communication. This article includes a list of references idctionnaire, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. For a guide to IPA symbols, see Help: Sadisa “to help”, Sadisana “help one another”, Sadisanaka “helped one another past [7]. The irregular conjugation of the verb kuvanda or kuvuanda to be is presented in the table below. Kituba has five vowel phonemes: In the academic circles the language is called Kikongo-Kituba.


Lingala is more popular in the north. This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. In addition, many words have been borrowed from FrenchPortugueseand English.

The latter means simply “speech”. Kituba has kept by and large the noun classes of ethnic Kikongo with some modifications. Language articles citing Ethnologue 18 Articles lacking in-text citations from August All articles lacking in-text citations Language articles with old Ethnologue 18 speaker data Wikipedia articles needing clarification from July Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers.

Another theory claims that a simplified trade language called Kifyoti was developed at the Portuguese coastal trading 18 post and it was later spread upstream by the Christian missionaries to the region between the Kwango and the Kasai rivers where it evolved further hence the name Kikwango.

Retrieved from ” https: There are also other historical names such as KibulamatadiKikwangoIkeleve literally: Views Read Edit View history. A translation of the New Testament in Kituba was completed and published in The long forms are used in formal written communication whereas the short forms have developed for spoken communication.

It is the only irregular verb in Kituba. Kikongo of the state administrationbut it is often called in short Kikongoespecially out of the region of ethnic Bakongo people. It is not widely kukongo. Languages of the Republic of ditionnaire Congo. All other verbs are conjugated with the help of auxiliary verbs. Vowels are never reduced, regardless of stress. They are very similar to the vowels of Spanish and Italian.


One theory claims that it had already evolved at the time of the Kongo Kingdom as a simplified interdialectal trade language, which the European colonists subsequently took into use for regional kiikongo. Most verb forms have long and short versions. The majority of Kituba speakers live in the Democratic Republic of Congo.

There are several theories on how Kituba came into being. The vowels are pronounced as follows:.

Dictionnaire orthographique kikongo Version History

This page was last edited on 28 Decemberat Kongo Kituba Lingala Swahili Tshiluba. Kituba is a widely used lingua franca in Central Africa.

The suffix indicating voice is adding after the verb root and before the suffix indicating tense. National public radios and televisions in the Democratic Republic of Congo and in the Republic of Congo use Kituba as one of their main languages for evening news. In fact, it refers to Kikongo ya leta i. Kituba has a well-developed verbal system involving grammatical tense and aspect. In practice the term national language means that it is a language of regional administration and elementary education.

The workers had diverse linguistic backgrounds which gave birth to a grammatically simplified language. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Regardless of the genesis, Kituba has established itself in the large towns that were found during the colonial period between and August Learn how and when to remove this template message.